N° 230 / 02. 04. 2004 / GB
ORIGIN : Tibet.
OF PUBLICATION OF THE ORIGINAL VALID STANDARD : 24.03.2004.
: A companion, watch and guard dog.
F.C.I. : Group 2 Pinscher and Schnauzer- Molossoid breeds- Swiss
Mountain and Cattle Dogs and other breeds.
Section 2.2 Molossoid breeds, Mountain type.Without working trial
HISTORICAL SUMMARY : The Tibetan Mastiff (Do Khyi) is an ancient
working breed of the nomad herders of the Himalaya and a traditional
guardian of the Tibetan monasteries. It has been surrounded by great
myth since its first discovery in antiquity. From the mentioning by
Aristoteles (384-322 b.C.) to the famous writings of Marco Polo, who
went to Asia in 1271, all historical reports praise the natural strength
and impressiveness of the Tibetan Mastiff- both physically and mentally.
Even its bark has been described as a unique and highly treasured feature
of the breed. Leading European cynologists of the past, like Martin
and Youatt, Megnin, Beckmann, Siber as well as Strebel and Bylandt have
intensively covered the Tibetan Mastiff, as they had been fascinated
by its origin and function in the Tibetan culture. Some even considered
the breed to be the very forefather of all large mountain and mastiff
breeds. One of the first known Tibetan Mastiffs to reach Western shores
was a male sent to Queen Victoria by Lord Hardinge (then Viceroy of
India) in 1847. Later in the 1880s, Edward VII (then Prince of Wales)
took two dogs back to England. An early recorded litter of Tibetan Mastiffs
was born in 1898 in the Berlin Zoo.
APPEARANCE : Powerful, heavy, well built, with good bone. Impressive;
of solemn and earnest appearance. Combines majestic strength, robustness
and endurance; fit to work in all climate conditions. Slow to mature,
only reaching its best at 2-3 years in females and at least 4 years
" Skull measured from occiput to stop equal to muzzle from stop
to end of nose but muzzle may be a little shorter.
" Body slightly longer than height at withers.
/ TEMPERAMENT : Independent. Protective. Commands respect. Most
loyal to his family and territory.
: Broad, heavy and strong. In adults a wrinkle may extend from above
the eyes down to the corner of mouth.
Skull : Large, very slightly rounded, with strongly pronounced occiput.
Stop : Well defined.
Nose : Broad, as dark as possible depending on coat colour, well opened
Muzzle : Fairly broad, well filled and deep. End of muzzle square. Lips
: Well developed and covering the underjaw.
Jaws/Teeth : Jaws strong with perfect, regular and complete scissor
bite, i.e. upper incisors closely overlapping the lower incisors and
set square to the jaws. Level bite acceptable. Dentition fits tightly.
Eyes : Medium size, any shade of brown and in accordance with coat colour,
the darker the better. Set well apart, oval and slightly slanting. Eyelids
tightly fitting the eyeball. Expression of dignity.
Ears : Medium size, triangular, pendant, set between the level of the
skull and the eye, dropping forward and hanging close to head; carried
forward when alert. Ear leathers covered with soft, short hair.
: Strong, well muscled, arched. Not too much dewlap. Covered by
thick upstanding mane, not so pronounced in bitches.
Back : Straight, muscular.
Croup : Broad and rather flat.
Chest : Rather deep, of moderate breadth, with good spring of rib, to
give heart-shaped ribcage. Brisket reaching to below elbows.
TAIL : Medium length. Set high on line with top of back, carried
high, loosely curled over back, when dog alert or in motion; well feathered.
: Straight, well angulated, well covered all over with strong hair.
Shoulders : Well laid, muscular.
Elbows : Neither turned in nor out.
Forearms : Straight. Strong bone.
Metacarpus (Pasterns) : Strong, slightly sloping.
: Powerful, muscular, with good angulation. Seen from behind, hindlegs
Upper thigh : Rather long; strong, with good hard muscles, but not bulging.
Stifle : Well bent
Hock : Strong, low set.
Dewclaws : Optional.
: Fairly large, strong, round and compact, with good feathering between
GAIT / MOVEMENT : Powerful, but always light and elastic: with
good reach and drive. When speed increases tends to single track. When
walking appears very deliberate. Capable of functioning over a varied
terrain with stamina and suppleness.
: Quality of greater importance than quantity. Coat harsh, thick, top
coat not too long, with dense and rather wolly undercoat in cold weather
which becomes rather sparse in warmer months. Males carry noticeably
more coat than females. Hair fine but harsh, straight and off-standing.
Never silky, curly or wavy. Neck and shoulders heavily coated, giving
mane-like appearance. Tail bushy and well feathered; hindlegs well feathered
on upper rear parts.
: Rich black, with or without tan marking; blue, with or without tan
markings; gold, from rich fawn to deep red. All colours to be as pure
as possible. Tan ranges from a rich chestnut to a lighter colour. White
star on breast permissible. Minimal white markings on feet acceptable.
Tan markings appear above eyes, on lower part of legs and underside
of tail. Tan markings on muzzle; spectacle markings tolerated around
Height at the withers : Dogs : 66 cm (26 ins) minimum,.
Bitches : 61 cm (24 ins) minimum..
: Any departure from the foregoing points should be considered a fault
and the seriousness with which the fault should be regarded should be
in exact proportion to its degree.
" Lacking physical condition and fitness.
" Head light or heavily wrinkled.
" Pendulous flews.
" Pronounced dewlap.
" Large and/or low set ears.
" Light eyes or staring expression.
" Weak pigmentation, particularly of nose.
" Barrelled ribs.
" Tightly curled tail over hips.
" Over angulated or straight hindquarters.
" Heavy constrained movement.
" Under minimum height, tolerance 2 cm.
" Aggressive or overly shy.
" Undershot or overshot mouth.
" All other colours than above mentioned e.g. white, cream, grey,
brown (liver), lilac, sable, brindle, particolours.
clearly showing physical or behavioural abnormalities shall be disqualified.
Male animals should have two apparently normal testicles fully descended
into the scrotum.
breed standard will become effective from September 2004.